The project is in its seventh year of implementation, after being granted two years extension by the bank. The project team continues with preparation of tender documents and raising bids for the few remaining works and services. The following are the key achievements to date;
Component 1: Natural Resources Management
- 15 water pans/earth dams of total capacity 464,165 m3 have been constructed.
- 5 boreholes have been drilled and equipped with a discharge of between 2.6 to 18 m3/hr
- Out of 12 shallow wells targeted by the project, one has been constructed
- 4 sub-surface dams have been constructed
- Construction/rehabilitation works are on-going for 7 irrigation schemes; Baringo, West Pokot, Isiolo, Marsabit (2) and Turkana (2) counties covering 1050ha
- 2 irrigation scheme reservoir dams under construction in Isiolo and Baringo Counties
Trekking distances to access water for human and livestock use have been reduced from 15-30 km and sometimes even more, to an average less than 1 km to 7 km. This has saved time that was being used for fetching water to be used for other domestic and economic activities.
Conflicts for water resources have significantly reduced.
With the drilling and equipping of the bore holes cases of water bone diseases have reduced significantly.
Component 2: Improvement of Livestock Infrastructure and Management
- All 20 livestock sale yards targeted by the project have been completed and operational handling on average 200 cattle and 1000 shoats per market day
- 425 ha of improved pasture have been established
- 19,440 bales of hay and 725kg of grass seed have been harvested from the pasture demonstration plots
- In a bid to improve the quality of pastures for livestock, 8 on-farm trials on 4 grass varieties have been established in Marsabit county in collaboration with KALRO-Kiboko.
- 15 hay sheds (with capacity to store between 15,000-20,000 bales) have been constructed for use by the pastoralists during drought.
- All 6 vet labs have been equipped with disease diagnostic equipment. Over 120,000 samples have been collected for screening, out of which 90,000 have been referred to Regional Vet Labs while the county vet labs have analysed 30,000 samples. 32,900 cattle and 659,000 shoats have been vaccinated.
- 1 quarantine station in Marsabit County is under construction.
Component 3: Project Management and Capacity Building
This component is meant to support the development and strengthening of the capacities of personnel and institutions to enhance their resilience to drought.
The project has supported each implementing county with 3 motor vehicles, 9 motor cycles and other office equipment to improve mobility, performance and monitoring.
The project has conducted Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) prior to the development of water, irrigation schemes and livestock structures. These will be used for environmental monitoring to ensure environmental safety and sustainability.
Women and youth are being supported through Income Generating Activities (IGAs) to empower them both economically and socially. 28 IGA groups have been shortlisted to benefit from initial IGA interventions.
Community participation has been given prominence from site identification, signing resolution forms to commit land for project activities, supervision of construction and management of the infrastructure. This is important for success of the project, ownership and sustainability. Each site has a well mobilised community with community project implementation committees responsible for oversight and management of the infrastructure development and use. Continuous strengthening and backstopping is being done to the various infrastructure management committees. The PCU has continuously carried out monitoring and backstopping of county project implementation teams (CPITs) to enhance personnel capacity.
The Project Steering Committee (PSC), which provides oversight and policy guidance to the project, meets at least twice a year to approve the project’s work plans and budgets and procurement plans and, also conducts field supervision to the project counties. The Bank conducts at least two supervision missions to the project every year to ensure progress towards meeting the project’s development objective.
Natural resources such as water and pasture are in short supply in the project areas. The pastoralists also keep very high numbers of livestock, leading to conflicts over these resources. In order to address matters of conflict and peace building, the PCU has trained staff and farmer leaders (78 officers and 218 farmers -153 M: 65F) in all the six project counties. In total 1,994 (1,257M; 687F) farmers and staff have been trained in various technical and other cross-cutting areas.